Putin’s dreams of glory versus the reality for the Russian people

What Putin has embarked on is impossible to comprehend from any vantage point. It seems that he’s been fuming at his lessened sphere of influence ever since NATO allowed many more countries into their defense fold, right at Russia’s border, including countries that were once part of the Soviet Union.  According to several analyses, he has been fuming ever since the breakup of the Soviet Union and subsequent perceived weakening of Russia as a super-power.  In fact, some of these analyses suggest that he’s pining for the true glory days, the days of the Russian Empire.  Hmm.

But think of what he’s prepared to do to regain this supposed glory.  He’s invaded a sovereign country with absolutely no justification except that he thinks Ukraine owes its allegiance to Russia, by hook or by crook.  As we now all know, he’s prepared to slaughter thousands of Ukrainian soldiers and civilians, not to mention thousands of Russian soldiers. He’s prepared to bomb towns, hospitals and churches into oblivion, and take out nuclear power plants.  He’s prepared to watch literally millions of war refugees flee Ukraine.  He’s prepared to order pretty well any inhumane, criminal act he can think of, to achieve what?  To show the world that Ukraine belongs to Russia, whether they like it or not.  Whether there are any Ukrainians left there or not.  Whether there are any buildings left standing or not.  He’ll show the world.  Now that he’s bombed a military base right near the Polish border, I don’t think we can pretend that he’s planning on stopping with these evil and senseless acts.

The general (Western) consensus seems to be that Putin is wreaking this havoc to regain and protect Russia’s “natural” sphere of influence.  To remake the glorious Soviet Union, or even the Russian Empire.  Perhaps he should be asking the Russian people what they think about that idea.  The Soviet Union days were not good days for the Russian people, not good at all.  And in the days of the Russian Empire, most of the population were serfs.

For those of you who may not have had a clear idea of what life was like behind the Iron Curtain, which fell just over 30 years ago, it was no picnic.  Everything was tightly controlled, including the economy.  Russians in particular were significantly isolated from the rest of the world.  I thought reposting an old blog post of our trip through the Soviet Union way back in 1970 might be useful to give you a glimpse of what life was like for most Russians back in the glory days of Putin’s dreams.  Is this what Russians have to look forward to?  Let’s take a trip back in time and see.

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May 1970.  We were back in London after returning from our trip to South Africa, preparing for our last adventure before returning to Canada.  We had 4 days to wash our clothes, catch up with close London friends, communicate with our families in New York and Canada, replenish essential supplies, and repack for our 4-week camping tour.  The 4-day interlude flew by and before we knew it we were joining our driver Tony and 10 other travelers in our Mini Trek van, along with our kit bags, tents, sleeping bags, and air mattresses.

Russia-Map

As the map shows, we were making a big loop, starting in London, heading east and north through northern Sweden to Lapland in northern Finland, then south and east to Russia, and once in Moscow heading west back to London.  Only it wasn’t actually Russia, it was the Soviet Union.  Hence the title of this post: our itinerary included 10 countries (Britain, France, Belgium, Holland, Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Finland, Poland, and Czechoslovakia (now the Czech Republic)), plus a surreal time in the Soviet Union.  Our experiences during our ten days in the Soviet Union were dramatically different than our time in the other countries, and our observations gave us much pause for thought, especially given the political situation at the time.  This was the height of the Cold War.

I kept a journal during these months of travel so long ago.  Tellingly, even my writing style changed the day we crossed from Finland to the Soviet Union.  I should include some background here.  My formative upbringing was in the suburbs of New York during the 50s and early 60s, with air raid drills at school, the ever-present threat of nuclear war, and the political dogma of the evils of communism, even of “creeping socialism”.  To be honest, as a teenager, I found a lot of this rhetoric too extreme to believe.  Surely, people in the Soviet Union just wanted what was best for their own families; it couldn’t be that different.  [I was even more idealistic then than I am now!]  I was expecting to find evidence that we were all striving for similar goals and that the boogie man was nonexistent, not to find overwhelming evidence that the political and economic system in place in the Soviet Union was totally dysfunctional.  What is so sad is that it was to be more than 20 years before this failed system collapsed.  Those intervening years had to have been trying times for most of their citizens.

We had a terrific first leg of our trip, making our way through northern Europe.  Driving north in Sweden and throughout Finland was special for us because the landscape reminded us of home, which we had been away from since our two years in Britain.  It was also special to be north of the Arctic Circle in June, camping in broad daylight in the middle of the night and sharing the landscape with herds of reindeer!  There were some memorable adventures, but I’ll save that for another post.

As we prepared to leave our campsite in Helsinki and head for the border with the U.S.S.R., with our first stop Leningrad (now returned to its original name of St. Petersburg), we talked about some travel advice from our tour company: before you cross into the Soviet Union, buy some food to take with you.  Some of our group took this seriously and others didn’t.  My own feeling was, “How could this enormous, powerful country not have food.”  In the end, I did buy two packets of Knorr soup mix, Cream of Cauliflower to be precise.  This soup ended up being the best meal I had for 10 days!

The results of incoherent economic policies became apparent as soon as we crossed the border.  We had to line up for gas coupons.  Then we had to line up for gas.  But gas was dispensed from the pumps in discrete units, kind of like only being able to buy gas in units of $20.  Motorcycles, which were very popular, simply couldn’t hold the minimum unit of gas, so the excess just spilled from the hose onto the ground.  Nobody paid any attention; when we looked “surprised” they just shrugged.  This was a typical approach to retail and service.

CatherineGreatsPalace

Catherine’s Palace, Source: Wikipedia

We had the requisite visas and approved travel plan and were to meet up with our mandatory Intourist guide the next morning in Leningrad.  Meanwhile, we were on our own to find our campsite, or so we thought.  The map we had only showed one road from the border to Leningrad, but there were several rural side roads all along the way.  Tony decided to get off the main road and find a field for a picnic site.  We were in what seemed like the middle of nowhere, but it wasn’t long before a fellow materialized and asked for chewing gum.  Then a girl appeared out of the field and asked for a light.  Before long a militia man came and told us that we weren’t authorized to leave the main road and we weren’t authorized to stop.  After that, there was no doubt that if we didn’t show up at a certain crossing by a certain time, someone in a uniform would come looking.  We tested this hypothesis from time to time.  They put a lot of resources into making sure we “were safe”!

StBasils

St. Basil’s Cathedral, Source: Wikipedia

In Moscow, in order to get food at a “supermarket” you lined up to buy the ticket for what you wanted.  Of course, first we had to figure out what was available, what it was called, and how much it cost, because you needed the exact amount.  Once you had the ticket, you had to line up for the item.  You lined up separately for every item: bread at the bakery station, cheese at the cheese station, etc.  Nobody was friendly and nobody was helpful.  Most of our group gave up and didn’t eat much that day.  I felt I had acquired a real prize when I managed to purchase our bread and cheese, as dry as it was.  And this was Moscow, not some remote rural area.  Lines of people would form on city streets.  If you were a Moscovite you were likely to get on the end of the line because people might be queuing for something useful that had finally arrived from the country to the city.  It didn’t matter what it was; you could always use it, sell it, or trade it.  One of the lines we passed was someone selling onions from crates.  There were stories of produce trucks not making it to the city because nobody was accountable for getting it there.  The famed GUM department store in Red Square was an architectural and historic building of note, but the lack of anything to buy was shocking.  Utterly shocking.  I’ve seen this elsewhere, but this was the premier store in the capital city of the country the rest of the world feared.

We camped in public campgrounds with holidaying Russians.  Nobody ever tried to talk to us or smile at us.  They lined up at canteens to buy eggs and hot dogs, washed down by beer and kvass.  Once, on our way west between Moscow and Smolensk (which is in what is now called Belarus), we stopped at the canteen of a communal farm for lunch.  The food was more plentiful on the farm, but the cutlery was made of an aluminum alloy that was too soft, so when you applied any pressure to your knife or fork, the utensil bent, big-time.  Quality control was not high on anyone’s agenda at the factory they came from.  There was a lot of that.

When we left Russia for Poland, the change was striking.  Although Poland was a communist country within the Soviet sphere of influence, it had not collectivized its farms.  People owned their own land.  There was plenty of fresh food, the people were friendly, and there seemed to be a sense of personal and national pride.  After spending 10 short days in the Soviet Union, Poland was nirvana.  Everything seemed positive to us.  But we were reminded that our perspective was based on travelling west from Russia.  In our campsite in Warsaw we met westerners who were travelling in the other direction; they had found Czechoslovakia depressing in contrast to West Germany and Poland seemed like a poor cousin to Czechoslovakia.  [This was just two years after the Russians had invaded Czechoslovakia.]  Our response to them was, “Just wait until you get to the Soviet Union.”

Novgorod

Novgorod, Source: Wikipedia

Don’t get me wrong, we were privileged to see lots of Russia’s many treasures.  And we were impressed that a communist authoritarian regime clearly spent plenty of money restoring and maintaining monuments of historic and religious significance.  We saw the wonderful Italianate mansions of St. Petersburg, the astounding quantity and quality of art at the Hermitage Museum, and the remarkable Summer Palace of Catherine the Great.  We learned of the destruction of entire cities caused by the Nazis, such as Novgorod.  We went to a performance of the Bolshoi Ballet at the theatre of the same name and marvelled at the architecturally splendid metro stations in Moscow.  And of course we admired the iconic St. Basil’s Cathedral in Red Square, along with the requisite viewing of an embalmed Lenin.

But what stayed with us was the realization that the Soviet Union was a Potemkin Village.  The political system perpetrated by their leaders may have been successful in producing military might and in sending the first satellite into space, but their economic policies had failed its people completely.  People were provided with minimal housing and health care, plus great education for the best students, but life was a daily struggle.  It was a society without joy.  If you obeyed all the rules, as arbitrary as some of them were, you could count on a modicum of stability in your life, but forget creativity, freedom of expression, or even freedom of movement.  When one thinks of how Russia went from feudal societies under czars to various flavours of often ruthless communist rule, it is understandable that establishing a truly open society takes time.

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34 Responses to Putin’s dreams of glory versus the reality for the Russian people

  1. Pingback: Putin’s dreams of glory versus the reality for the Russian people – THE FLENSBURG FILES

  2. Thank you. Very interesting. I have shared on Facebook, hope that’s ok with you.

  3. Forestwood says:

    I found your post a riveting read. I enjoyed reading a first-hand account from someone living the experience, through their own eyes. Other accounts of the Soviet Union in the 90’s from people I have met, echo the descriptions you have except for a brief window when the more liberal thinkers all left while they could. When life is this uncompromising so harsh, is this the driver for apathy for political change or does it steer people towards a harder line. Initially the Russians appeared to want a strong leader and that is what they got, but not in the way most thought. Perhaps as things fall apart for the economy, Putin has resorted to desperate measures to grasp resources and hold on to control?

    • Jane Fritz says:

      It seems impossible to fully understand what’s motivating Putin. It appears that he wants to recreate his idea of the glory (aka strength, power, and reach) of the Soviet Union or even the Russian Empire. But what he’s thinking now that it’s not as easy as he thought is scary to contemplate. It certainly can’t have anything to do with the well-being of the. Russian people. History repeats itself. 😥

      • Forestwood says:

        If he doesn’t see a future as he planned, does he see a future at all? It is indeed worrisome. Perhaps further sanctions will tip the balance against him?

        • Jane Fritz says:

          Maybe if the sanctions cause the people to rise against him?

        • Forestwood says:

          I have been thinking of whether that is a possibility, given the massive Russian population. However, from talking to Russians here, they speak of very closed off minds. You basically keep your head down in Russia and don’t fraternise as you alluded to in the 70’s. Bit like East Germany in the Stasi era. Goverment control is omnipotent and I wonder how much free thought actually occurs. All the liberal socialists have left long ago. Plus there is propaganda at work.

  4. Pingback: Friday Favorites: The Consolation of Nature | Notes From the Hinterland

  5. Roy McCarthy says:

    Intriguing and informative post Jane. There’s a YouTube channel called Bald and Bankrupt which features a chap travelling through modern-day Russia which gives a good taste of life there now. Although still pretty bleak the people certainly seem more relaxed and smiley and there are fewer shortages.
    It’s at least heartening that there are many ordinary Russians who are totally against what is happening right now though they risk a lot by protesting.

    • Jane Fritz says:

      Thanks, Roy. Yes, my understanding is that things improved considerably after the Wall came down and Russia entered the global economy. The big question is whether it will retreat to its prior state due to the severe sanctions imposed for Putin’s egregious actions. It’s hard to fathom, but it does remind us that war has defined human history and that usually it’s because a few (or one) man in power wants more power or riches, the people be damned. You’re right, there are a lot of brave Russians as well as a staggering number of brave Ukrainians.

  6. BernieLynne says:

    I never actually have known anyone that traveled to that area in that time period. Your description of it makes it match the few pictures and stories from that era. One feels actually sorry for the average Russian whose life is as impacted by the leadership of the country as those in the Ukraine. I read an interesting bullet point fact sheet about the minerals, fertilizer and agricultural produce that occurs in the Ukraine. It seems like they ranked top five in just about every category so it’s not surprising that Putin wants to get his hands on all of that and the nuclear power. I really appreciate this post Jane.

    • Jane Fritz says:

      Thanks, Bernie. Well, the average Russian isn’t being bombed and seeing lives and cities destroyed, as the Ukrainians are, but it certainly appears that the control of speech and movement by the State is becoming more severe,

      • BernieLynne says:

        Obviously the Russian impact of this war is being felt so incredibly hard by the Ukrainian people. I never meant to take away from that. I was trying to articulate exactly what you reply was – no freedoms.

  7. Wow, that was an eye-opener. In my travels in 1979 I never made it to eastern Europe, let alone the Soviet Union. I did go to East Berlin, which was a change in itself, but your trip sounds far more challenging.

  8. boblorentson says:

    Some of my favorite writers were Russian- Gorky, Gogol, Dostoyevski, Turgenev. I think your wonderful (meaning awful, repressed, etc.) depiction of The Soviet world of the 1970s would have been recognized by each of these writers back in the eras they wrote in. So sad nothing much changes for the better there, the reason no doubt why no one ever wants to move TO Russia. And why they’ll fight like hell to not be Russian.

    • Jane Fritz says:

      That’s an interesting and apt comparison, Bob. There’s a darkness in the literature, isn’t there. The thing is, Russia is their country and they love it. It’s their home and native land. They just need to feel free and have reason to be proud, as do we all. It seems to be a struggle all too often.

  9. Thanks Jane for a very thought provoking article. I remember reading about life in Moscow in the 70’s and at the time thought little of it as my social conscience was not yet developed! However, over the years I have studied some recent USSR History and am appalled at the atrocities that have gone on and continue to this day. The big difference I have seen is the easing of commerce restrictions and how Westernized they have become. That has certainly come to light this past week with the closing of many of the Western businesses! However, totalitarianism has certainly not waned in any respect and is now upfront for the world to see if not the Russian citizenry.

    • Jane Fritz says:

      Thanks, Wayne. Totalitarianism has definitely not abated, quite the contrary. And if the sanctions being applied last for an extended period of time, the commercial activity that began to blossom with the fall of the Soviet Union will wither.

  10. Dr. John Persico Jr. says:

    Jane, I have had many friends who fled Russia and other communist countries. I have heard and read many stories about what “life was like” in Soviet Russia and Soviet occupied countries. Nevertheless, your story hits hard and provides a very powerful insight and also reminder as to what Soviet occupation could mean for the Ukraine. Putin is no doubt a madman. My only caveat on your article concerns your comment that “The general consensus is that Putin”, to this I say “Beware the ‘General Consensus.'” John

  11. Inkplume says:

    This was so informative – thank you!

  12. debscarey says:

    My understanding is that Putin has always been an old style Soviet leader, even if he gained his funding via capitalism. One key difference between now and the Soviet era is that he did away with the old style Politburo – so there’s no body of men (for in Russia it has to be men) jockeying for the top position as they wait for the current incumbent to make a mistake or display any weakness.

    As you say Jane, it’s the people who suffer – in this case the people of Ukraine, and any Russians who protest.

  13. I don’t know anyone else who travelled in the USSR in 1970 and your journal is chilling. I do feel for the Soviet, now Russian people. They have hardly ever caught a break and now another tyrant is ensuring they will be driven back decades. I know our generation has been very fortunate and wasn’t anticipating our sitting on the edge of a global abyss. Poor Ukraine. It is all so tragic and frightening. Now they are hitting targets 20 k from Poland…

  14. What a piece! Thanks so much for providing illumination on a part of the world that most of us don’t know very much about. After such grim circumstances, I suppose it’s understandable that people would back a leader like Putin, who improved their material comfort. At least initially. We’ll see where it all leads now. Finally, I was taken with “it is understandable that establishing a truly open society takes time.”

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